IVF and IUI are two different types of fertility treatments to help a woman get pregnant. IUI, or Intrauterine Insemination is a process where sperm is placed directly inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. IVF, or In Vitro Fertilization is a process where eggs and sperm are combined outside of the uterus to create fertilized embryos. Following IVF, an embryo can be transferred to the womb to develop. You can learn more about IUI here and IVF here.
Once the screening process is complete the egg donation cycle takes about 12-14 days. The cycle includes about 10-12 days of medications and ends with an egg retrieval. The egg retrieval is a quick, 30 minute, outpatient procedure that's done under IV sedation. Patients return to their home (if local) or hotel the same day and can travel the next day (if home is not local).
It is important to note that side effects are extremely variable from person to person. In general, egg donation does have potential side effects. Possible symptoms from the medication taken prior to including bloating, abdominal pain and swelling, breast tenderness and moodiness. The egg retrieval procedure is guided by transvaginal ultrasound and while serious complications are quite rare they can include bleeding, internal organ damage and infection.
The short answer is yes. There are few restrictions when undergoing egg donation. The most critical thing is keeping on schedule with required medications leading up to the procedure.
Donors will take birth control prior to the cycle start for timing purposes. Once in cycle they will take injectable medications for 10-12 days. They will also receive some medications during the egg retrieval procedure through their IV administered by anesthesia. Your physician will outline the full regimen with you in more detail during your first visit.
No. Except in rare circumstances where uncommon side effects result from the egg retrieval process, donation will have no impact on future fertility.
Yes. Assuming all goes well during your first donation, you are welcome to do it again. In fact, future donations can be quicker because you’ve already been through the initial screening process.