Your Fertility Questions Answered

The lowdown on everything from male infertility to insurance coverage for IVF. Still have questions? Talk with a care advocate to learn if Oma's fertility services are right for you.


  • What is infertility?

    For most couples, infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite having unprotected intercourse frequently for at least one year. Infertility affects 10-15% of couples in the United States.

  • What causes infertility?

    There are many factors that cause infertility. These issues can be with you or your partner, or a combination of things. Factors affecting fertility may include PCOS, endometriosis, low sperm count and more.

  • Can men have infertility?

    Absolutely. Sperm is half the equation and 40-50% of couples that face infertility are due to male factor infertility¹. About 2% of all men exhibit suboptimal sperm (low sperm concentration, poor sperm motility, abnormal morphology). Male fertility rates have been declining for decades: a 2017 paper showed a 50-60% decline in sperm concentration between 1973 and 2011 in men from around the world².

  • How long should I try to get pregnant before seeing a doctor?

    If you’re over 35 years old and have been trying to conceive for 6+ months unsuccessfully, it might be time to consult with a fertility specialist.

  • What tests are done to diagnose infertility?

    Each individual is unique and your doctor will discuss the tests they prescribe with you. These may include the following for you and your partner:

    • Blood work
    • Semen analysis
    • Ultrasound of follicles
    • Hormone testing
  • What is unexplained infertility?

    Unexplained infertility refers to fertility cases in which standard infertility testing cannot identify a cause.

  • Do Covid vaccines cause infertility?

    There is currently no evidence that any vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause fertility problems.


  • What lifestyle factors can affect fertility or IVF success for women?

    Weight, smoking, consuming alcohol, drug use, excessive caffeine, exposure to toxins, stress, and over-exercising are all among common factors that may affect fertility or IVF success for women.

  • What lifestyle factors can affect fertility or IVF success for men?

    Similar to the issues that may affect fertility for women, weight, smoking, excessive caffeine, consuming alcohol, drug use, and stress are all lifestyle factors that may affect fertility or IVF success for men.

  • How long is the IVF process?

    From the time your IVF cycle starts to getting embryos created, typically takes about two weeks.

  • Do I need to take time off work for IVF?

    All IVF appointments at Oma Fertility are outpatient procedures, meaning you never have to stay overnight at our clinic. You will need to take time off for your egg retrieval and you may choose to take time off from work for other appointments or procedures at your discretion, however we can schedule appointments 7 days a week with virtual visits available as appropriate.

  • Can I switch from another fertility clinic to Oma?

    Yes. Our team of Care Advocates can help you coordinate details including the transfer of frozen eggs or frozen embryos from another clinic.

Egg Donation

  • What's the difference between IVF and IUI?

    IVF and IUI are two different types of fertility treatments to help a woman get pregnant. IUI, or Intrauterine Insemination is a process where sperm is placed directly inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. IVF, or In Vitro Fertilization is a process where eggs and sperm are combined outside of the uterus to create fertilized embryos. Following IVF, an embryo can be transferred to the womb to develop. You can learn more about IUI here and IVF here.

  • How long does the egg donation process take?

    Once the screening process is complete the egg donation cycle takes about 12-14 days. The cycle includes about 10-12 days of medications and ends with an egg retrieval. The egg retrieval is a quick, 30 minute, outpatient procedure that's done under IV sedation. Patients return to their home (if local) or hotel the same day and can travel the next day (if home is not local).

  • What are the possible side effects and risks of egg donation?

    It is important to note that side effects are extremely variable from person to person. In general, egg donation does have potential side effects. Possible symptoms from the medication taken prior to including bloating, abdominal pain and swelling, breast tenderness and moodiness. The egg retrieval procedure is guided by transvaginal ultrasound and while serious complications are quite rare they can include bleeding, internal organ damage and infection.

  • Can I still work and/or go to school? (What should I avoid?)

    The short answer is yes. There are few restrictions when undergoing egg donation. The most critical thing is keeping on schedule with required medications leading up to the procedure.

  • What medications will I have to take during this process?

    Donors will take birth control prior to the cycle start for timing purposes. Once in cycle they will take injectable medications for 10-12 days. They will also receive some medications during the egg retrieval procedure through their IV administered by anesthesia. Your physician will outline the full regimen with you in more detail during your first visit.

  • Will this impact my ability to have children in the future?

    No. Except in rare circumstances where uncommon side effects result from the egg retrieval process, donation will have no impact on future fertility.

  • Can I donate eggs more than once?

    Yes. Assuming all goes well during your first donation, you are welcome to do it again. In fact, future donations can be quicker because you’ve already been through the initial screening process.


  • How is Oma Fertility able to reduce the cost of IVF so significantly?

    The costs to run a fertility clinic have come down since the early days of IVF but most fertility clinics have not passed on the savings to patients. At Oma Fertility, we practice ethical pricing and believe that fertility clinics can make a profit without taking advantage of families – we price more affordably simply because we can.

  • How much does IVF cost?

    IVF at Oma Fertility costs $9,000 which includes:

    • All bloodwork, ultrasounds, appointment and monitoring
    • Fertility Assessment Testing
    • Sperm selection aided by Oma Sperm InSight™
    • Egg retrieval
    • ICSI procedure
    • Embryo biopsy and PGT
    • One-year storage for embryos
  • Does insurance cover infertility treatment?

    Advances in infertility treatment have helped thousands of people become parents, but insurance coverage requirements vary by state and insurance plan. Check with your insurance provider to understand the fertility treatment benefits available to you.

    At Oma Fertility our financial coordinators can help make your treatment even more affordable. They’ll help you navigate your insurance options, how to use your FSA/HSA benefits, apply for financing, and find grants. We also partner with CapexMD for fertility financing.


  • What is Oma Sperm InSight?

    Oma Sperm InSight™ is our patent-pending, proprietary AI that examines, scores and tags the most promising sperm cells in a semen sample per World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Our embryologists use it to help identify the most promising sperm in every sample.

  • Why focus on sperm?

    There are about 100M sperm cells in a sperm sample vs a handful of eggs that are typically retrieved — making eggs very precious. Even though only 4% of the 100M sperm in a sample may be normal³, it gives us a greater pool to choose from, and selecting the right sperm to pair with eggs can increase the odds of a successful pregnancy.


  • What fertility services does Oma Fertility offer?

    Oma Fertility offers a full spectrum of fertility services including:

    • IUI
    • IVF
    • Egg Freezing
    • Frozen Embryo Transfer
    • IVF with Donor Eggs
    • IVF with Donor Sperm
    • IVF with Gestational Surrogacy
  • When’s a good time to think about freezing my eggs?

    If you have a desire to have a family, but aren’t planning to do so in the near term, egg freezing may be an option for you. By freezing younger, healthier eggs, you can improve your chances of a successful pregnancy later in life.

  • Are there options for couples that want to conceive but aren’t ready at this time?

    Embryo freezing is a good option for couples that want to conceive but have their child later.

  • I had a baby once already, but now I’m not getting pregnant. What’s going on?

    There are many factors that may be contributing to your inability to get pregnant even if you’ve had a baby before. These factors are similar to infertility overall and may include age, sperm issues, ovulation, fallopian tube damage, endometriosis, or other.

  • What is a Care Advocate?

    Your Care Advocate is your first point of contact at Oma Fertility ensuring clear communication during and in between appointments.

Expect better.

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